Art History

  • Art History,  Movements and techniques
    Portraits

    Portraiture is a genre of painting that focuses on depicting a human subject. Historically, portraits have often been commissioned and portray either public or private figures, which gives them importance as historical records; they recorded the past before the advent of photography. They are generally inspired by admiration for the subject, who is often the muse of the artist. While…

  • Art History,  Movements and techniques
    Realism

    Realism is traditionally used to describe the 19th century movement that used everyday scenes and people as the subject and painted them in a naturalistic style. The term is also used to describe works of art that are painted so realistically that they resemble a photograph. Realism as an artistic movement first began in France in the early 1850s, after…

  • Art History,  Movements and techniques
    Street Art

    Street art is visual art that is created in public locations, outside of traditional art venues. It is connected to graffiti art in that it is generally unsanctioned and in public spaces, but it includes a wide variety of media and is connected more closely to graphic design. The key differences between graffiti and street art are partly historic. Graffiti…

  • Art History,  Movements and techniques
    Watercolour Painting

    Watercolour paint consists of pigments suspended in water, which gives the paint a translucent effect. Watercolour artists often paint on paper, exploring the transparency of the paint and leaving sections unpainted to highlight certain areas of the paper. It is celebrated for its natural, luminous qualities and has been favoured by renowned artists such as Turner and Blake. Last day,…

  • Art History,  Movements and techniques
    Vanitas painting

    As a subgroup of still life, Vanitas describes everything ephemeral. There are mainly two categories: symbols of death and extinction of life, such as death skulls, candles and withered flowers, and, on the other hand, symbols of (losing) value objects such as books, jewelry and money. Like the genre of still life Vanitas finds its origin in Flanders. Pieter Claesz…

  • Art History,  Movements and techniques
    Great portrait paintings

    The portrait, the representation of a certain person, is still a popular genre of painting. With the depiction of gods and biblical figures, the genre of portrait painting finds its beginning in the Middle Ages. The following portraits illustrate important people in our history: Alfred Dürer –Hieronymus, 1526 Alfred Dürer painted his friend Hieronymus Holzschuher in 1526 and secured his…

  • Art History,  Movements and techniques
    Art and artists of lithography

    Lithography is one of the greatest artistic developments of the 19th century. Literally translated as “writing on stone”, lithography allowed the duplication of drawings and texts. Adding color nuances required the careful, intricate use of the fingertips. The popularity of lithography spread as fast as its diverse developed sub-categories and enabled artists to reproduce their artworks. Honoré Daumier – Gargantua…

  • Art History,  Movements and techniques
    Marine in art

    As Marinus = at sea, motives such as ships, sea, ocean and port are popular and frequently used themes in Navy arts. Early up the sixteenth century both professional artists and laymen took up the theme of the navy and brought it to the canvases. Various artists were instantly attracted by the power and beauty of the water, recreating both…